|Botanical Nomenclature||Paeonia officinalis|
|Common Name||Common Peony, Garden Peony|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Paeonia officinalis is a perennial plant growing from 50 to 150cm, with hairy, palmate leaves and large, yellow, red or pink flowers. It blossoms in spring and summer and the harvesting of the root takes place all the year.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||root|
|Active Substances||quinine, glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, stilbenes, terpenoids, steroids, phenols, starch, salt, gum|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has antioxidant properties and is reccomended for enhancing the immune system, for protecting the heart and the nervous system, and as a supportive therapy in oncology. It is taken orally as antibiotic for the treatment of bacterial infections such as Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella. Finally, it can be used to diminish bleeding during menstruation, while it is considered effective as a sedative and hypnotic in situations of intense stress and anxiety .|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as antioxidant and antibiotic in the form of herbal tea (50-60g of dried herb in a 1L of water, once a day) and syrup (1:2 parts of water and high sugar content). It is also administered in the form of tincture (1: 4 parts of root's extract and ethyl alcohol 70%, 5g per day) as hypnotic and sedative. Finally, the herbal extract (1: 6 parts of dried root and water) and the powder of dried root (10-20gr day) are applied externally as hemostatic.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects have been reported.|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, A' τόμος, σελίδες: 407-408 2) http://www.irjponline.com/admin/php/uploads/977_pdf.pdf 3)http://www.herbs2000.com/homeopathy/paeonia.htm 4)http://abchomeopathy.com/r.php/Paeon 5)http://www.webhomeopath.com/homeopathy/homeopathic-remedies/homeopathy-remedy-Paeonia_officinalis.html 6)http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3609391/|