|Botanical Nomenclature||Verbascum phlomoides|
|Common Name||Snow Maiden|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Verbascum phlomoides is a biennial plant growing from 60 to 120cm, with large, wide, lanceolate leaves and yellow or orange flowers in inflorescences (bunches). The fruits are oval, in the form of pointed capsules. The flowering lasts from May to September and the harvesting takes place from June to September.|
|Region Found||Ioannina (Pindos, Vikos-Aoos)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Flowers, leaves, root|
|Active Substances||Mucus, saponins, pigments (crocetin, xanthophyll), essential oil, malic acid, phosphoric acid, calcium, carbohydrates, resins, resin, flavonoids (hesperidin, verbascoside), glycosides, coumarin, vitamins B2, B5, B12, D|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The extract of the flowers has emollient, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, sedative and healing properties. The herbal tea made from the flowers is administered for the treatment of bronchitis, cough, laryngitis and as mucolytic. Also, it is used against diarrhea, dysentery, kidney stones, cramps, as well it is applied externally due to its antiseptic and healing properties against skin burns, hemorrhoids, itching, lichens and eye inflammation (blepharitis) in the form of poultice. In homeopathy it is recommended against nocturnal enuresis in children.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as expectorant, diuretic and laxative in the form of herbal tea (10-12g of dried flowers and leaves in 100mL of boiled water, 2-3 cups a day) and as anti-inflammatory and mucolytic in the form of infusion (15g of dried flowers and 20g dried leaves in 1L of boiling water, 2-3 cups a day). The herbal tea is recommended in the form of gargle against the severe cough. It is applied externally as antiseptic, healing and soothing in the form of poultice made from the dried flowers and leaves.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects have been reported.|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, Β' τόμος, σελίδες: 543-545 2) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 266-267, 3)http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8987909 4)http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23627472 5)http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Herbal_-_Community_herbal_monograph/2009/12/WC500017806.pdf 6)http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/life-science/nutrition-research/learning-center/plant-profiler/verbascum-phlomoides.html|