|Botanical Nomenclature||Mercurialis annua|
|Common Name||Annual Mercury|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Mercurialis annua is an annual herb growing up to 45cm, with small, lanceolate, oval, wavy, green leaves and green flowers in inflorescences. The flowering and the harvesting take place from May to November.|
|Region Found||Epirus (Pindos)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Flowers, leaves, stem, root|
|Active Substances||Methylamine, trimethylamine, chlorophyll, saponins, natural albumin, fat, essential oil, ammonia, mercurialine (alkaloid)|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has laxative, cholagogue, emetic and diuretic properties. It is administered in the form of herbal tea for the treatment of constipation, dropsy and chronic insomnia. Also, in folk medicine it is applied externally in the form of poultice against skin inflammation, boils, abdominal and childbirth pain. In homeopathy, it is recommended in the form of ointment against rheumatism and various liver diseases.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as laxative and diuretic in the form of herbal tea (20-30g of dried herb in 500mL of boiled water, 2-3 times a day) and infusion (a spoon of dried herb in 500-600mL of boiling water). In homeopathy, it is administered in the form of ointment, while in folk medicine it is applied externally to the skin in the form of ethereal oil and poultice.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||The whole plant is poisonous, due to the contained mercurialine. The consumption of raw leaves may be fatal.|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, Β' τόμος, σελίδες: 363-364 2) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 259, 3)http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19957264 4)http://kentromeletisarxaiasthourias.wordpress.com/2013/11/16/mercurialis-annua- %CF%83%CE%BA%CE%B1%CF%81%CE%BF%CE%BB%CE%AC%CF%87%CE%B1%CE%BD%CE%BF/ 5)https://www.google.gr/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=5&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CEoQFjAE&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.researchgate.net%2Fprofile%2FPeter_Lorenz%2Fpublication%2F221842365_An_approach_to_the_chemotaxonomic_differentiation_of_two_European_dog%2527s_mercury_species_Mercurialis_annua_L._and_M._perennis_L%2Flinks%2F00b7d521f644aec941000000.pdf&ei=VCc3VcOwAs3eaJSqgPgK&usg=AFQjCNGmLzt6-oIWBjSADLx7J1SdgOGwXw&bvm=bv.91071109,d.d2s 6)http://abchomeopathy.com/r.php/Merl|