|Botanical Nomenclature||Aquilegia vulgaris|
|Common Name||Common Columbine, European Columbine, Granny's Bonnet, Granny's Nightcap|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Aquilegia vulgaris is a perennial, herbaceous plant growing from 60 to 100cm, with oval, broad leaves and purple-blue (rarely pink-white) flowers. The flowering and the harvesting take place from April to June, while the fruiting lasts from July to August.|
|Region Found||Ioannina (Pindos, Smolikas, Metsovo, Vikos-Aoos)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Aboveground plant parts|
|Active Substances||Flavonoids (emulsine), cyanogenic glycosides, tannins, vitamin C, alkaloids, sphingolipids|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has sedative, astringent, sudorific, diuretic and healing properties. It is applied externally in the form of herbal tea, especially against the open wounds as well as insecticide and lousicide. Aquilegia vulgaris is administered for the treatment of diarrhea, jaundice, kidney stones and rheumatism. However, the medical use of this plant is difficult due to its high toxicity and it is recommended only under doctor's consultation. In folk medicine the leaves are used in the form of lotions against the rheumatic pain, sore throats and the wounds of the oral cavity.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as astringent and antidiarrheal in the form of infusion (a spoon of dried herb in a cup of boiling water, 3-6 times a day). It is applied externally as healing, astringent and soothing in the form of herbal tea (a spoon of dried herb in a cup of boiled water).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||This plant has a high toxicity, especially the leaves and the seeds. Avoid the oral administration without doctor's consultation.|
|References||1)http://medicinalherbinfo.org/herbs/Columbine.html 2)http://www.henriettes-herb.com/eclectic/dmna/aquilegia.html 3)file:///C:/Users/User/Downloads/columbine-proving.pdf 4)http://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Aquilegia+vulgaris 5)http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/a/aquilegia-vulgaris=columbine.php 6)http://practicalplants.org/wiki/Aquilegia_vulgaris|