|Botanical Nomenclature||Smyrnium rotundifolium|
|Common Name||Round-Leaved Alexanders|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Smyrnium rotundifolium is perennial, herbaceous plant growing from 40 to 1,5m, with round, wavy, green-yellow leaves, small, yellow flowers and spherical fruits. The flowering lasts from May to June and the fruiting takes place from June to August.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves, flowers, root, sprout|
|Active Substances||Flavonoid glycosides (quercetin, kaempherol), proteins, carbohydrates, lipids|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant, especially the leaves, is administered in the form of herbal tea as digestive and stimulator of the gastrointestinal system, due its intense bitter taste. The seeds have anticonvulsant properties, while the juice of the plant is recommended as antiseptic in open skin wounds. In folk medicine the plant is used for the treatment of asthma and menstruation disorders, as well to heal and disinfect skin wounds. Finally, studies have proved the antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of the plant, which are attributed to the contained flavonoid glycosides.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as digestive in the form of herbal tea (2 spoons of dried herb in a cup of boiled water, before eating) and as disinfectant against the open wounds in the form of herbal extract.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||No side effects have been reported.|
|References||1)http://www.academicjournals.org/article/article1380878990_Minareci%20et%20al.pdf 2)http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/np50022a030 3)http://www.actaplantarum.org/floraitaliae/viewtopic.php?t=1050 4)http://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Smyrnium+olusatrum 5)http://floraolympus.blogspot.gr/2012/05/smyrnium-rotundifolium-miller.html|