|Botanical Nomenclature||Solidago virgaurea|
|Common Name||European Goldenrod, Woundwort|
|Taxonomy- Family||Compositae or Asteraceae|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Solidago virgaurea is a perennial, herbaceous plant growing from 10 to 60cm, with oblong, lanceolate, wavy leaves and yellow flowers. The flowering and the harvesting take place from July to September|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Flowers|
|Active Substances||Saponins, flavonoids, essential oil, tannins, plant pigments, sesquiterpenes, vitamin C, resins|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The flowers have diuretic, expectorant, anti-diarrheal, anti-inflammatory and healing properties. They are administered in the form of infusion for the treatment of chronic nephritis, arthritis, menorrhagia, kidney stones and prostate. The plant is applied externally due to its astringent and hemostatic properties against the bleeding wounds, while it is administered orally against urinary tract infections, runny nose, skin diseases, influenza and persistent cough. Finally, it is recommended for the treatment of dyspepsia and gastroenteritis mainly in children, as well against oral thrushes and stomatitis caused by Candida (in the form of mouth washes)|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as astringent, diuretic and anti-inflammatory in the form of infusion (2-3 spoons of dried plant in a cup of boiling water, three times a day) and in the form of tincture (2-4 ml daily). The dosage for the children is about the 1/3 of adults' dose.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Plant's consumption may cause allergic reactions. It is not recommended during pregnancy. It should be avoided in patients with cardiac or renal malfunction and should not be applied on open wounds.|
|References||1)Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδα 265-266 2)Taehun Lee, Sooryun Lee, Kyeong Ho Kim, Ki-Bong Oh, Jongheon Shin, WoongchonMar. Effects of magnolialide isolated from the leaves of Laurus nobilis L. (Lauraceae) on immunoglobulin E-mediated type I hypersensitivity in vitro. Journal of Ethnopharmaco 3)http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/herb/goldenrod 4)http://health-from-nature.net/Goldenrod.html 5)http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-84-goldenrod.aspx?activeingredientid=84&activeingredientname=goldenrod 6)https://www.middlepath.com.au/plant/Golden-Rod_solidago-virgaurea%20_Herb-of-Joy.php|