|Botanical Nomenclature||Sinapis alba|
|Common Name||White Mustard|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Sinapis alba is an annual, herbaceous plant growing from 20 to 50cm, with pubescent, pinnate, petiolate leaves and yellow flowers. The flowering lasts from May to September, while the fruiting from July to September. The harvesting takes place from July to August.|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves, seeds|
|Active Substances||Sinalbin, is a glucoside, which turns into genin after enzymatic hydrolysis. The plant also contains essential oil, mucus, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, fiber, minerals (calcium, phosphorous, iron, magnesium, sodium, potassium), vitamins B1, B2, B6, myrosin, sinapine|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The seeds have laxative, antibacterial, antifungal, sudorific, diuretic, expectorant and allergenic properties. In China, the whole plant is used for the treatment of productive cough, tuberculosis and pleurisy. It is applied to the skin in the form of poultice against articular pains, rashes, wounds and skin inflammation. Also, the juice made from the seeds is recommended against dyspepsia, chronic bronchitis, rheumatism, fever, muscular and skeletal pain.|
|Method of Administration||The juice made from the seeds is administered as laxative, expectorant and antipyretic. Although, the herbal tea is not administered orally. The plant is mainly used for external application to the skin in the form of poultice or in the form of patches, which contain the powder of the crushed seeds, or in the form of ointment, made from the pureed roots. The external use of the plant is recommended against the topical pain, as well for the treatment of asthma, pneumonia, bronchitis, neuralgia and rheumatism.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Plant's consumption is not recommended to patients who suffer from lungs' inflammation, tuberculosis, renal disorders and hypertension. Allergic reaction and skin irritation may be caused after plant's administration.|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, Β' τόμος, σελίδες: 485-486 2)Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδα 92-93 3) http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/tx5000415 4)Pacifico S, Gallicchio M, Lorenz P, Duckstein SM, Potenza N, Galasso S, Marciano S, Fiorentino A, Stintzing FC, Monaco P. Neuroprotective Potential of Laurus nobilis Antioxidant Polyphenol-Enriched Leaf Extracts. Chem Res Toxicol. 2014, Vol. 27, 4, p 5)http://health-from-nature.net/Mustard,White.html 6)https://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Sinapis_alba.html|