|Botanical Nomenclature||Thymus serpyllum|
|Common Name||Breckland Thyme, Creeping Thyme, Wild Thyme|
|Taxonomy- Family||Lamiaceae or Labiatae|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Τhymus serpyllum is a perennial plant growing up to 30cm, with standing resistant shoots. The leaves are green, oval and aromatic and the flowers are small and pink. The blossoming and harvesting take place during the summer.|
|Region Found||Ioannina (Mitsikeli Smolikas, Peristeri, Zagori)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||flowers|
|Active Substances||Oil Serpylli' (Essential oil which contains thymol, carvacrol, cymene, linalol, borneol), tannins, flavonoids, bitter agents, terpenoids|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||Thymus serpyllum has anthelmintic, antiseptic, spasmolytic, sudorific, antitussive and expectorant properties. It is recommended for the treatment of laryngitis, bronchitis, cough, whooping cough and asthma. Due to its astringent action can be applied externally as tincture to disinfect contaminated skin wounds. The herbal tea is used to treat dyspepsia, gastritis, diarrhea and involuntary urination in children.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as expectorant, antiseptic and antitussive in the form of infusion (two spoons of dried herb in a cup of boiling water, 3 times a day). It is also recommended for external use in the form of tincture (15-20g of dried seeds in 100-200ml of ethyl alcohol 70%, for 20 days), mainly for its digestive and anti-inflammatory actions.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||May cause Irritation of the mucous membranes. Pregnant women is recommented not to consume the plant. No toxic effects have been reported.|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, Β' τόμος, σελίδες: 237-238 2) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 316-317, 3) http://health-from-nature.net/Thyme-Common.html 4)http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/t/thygar16.html 5)http://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Thymus+vulgaris 6)http://aromaticplantkilkis.blogspot.gr/2010/03/lamiaceae-thymus-vulgaris.html|