|Botanical Nomenclature||Rosa canina|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Rosa canina is a deciduous shrub growing from 1 to 3m, with pinnate, wavy leaves, oval, smooth, red berries and large, pink flowers. The flowering lasts from June to July and the harvesting takes place from August to October|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Fruits, seeds|
|Active Substances||Vitamins C, A, B, K, organic acids, tannins, pigments (flavonoids or vitamin P), carotenoids (provitamin A), pectin, vegetable acids, essential oil|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The fruits are used as immunostimulants and for the treatment of common cold and infections, due to their high content of vitamin C. The seeds have diuretic, laxative, anthelmintic and astringent properties. Also, the herbal tea made from the fruits causes vasodilation, stimulates hematopoiesis and lowers blood pressure, while the herbal tea made from the leaves is used for the treatment of colics, flatulence, dysentery and ulcerative colitis. Herbal tea compresses are applied externally to the skin against wounds, fractures, swelling, eczema, varicose veins, dehydrated lips and skin.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as immune stimulant in the form of herbal tea (2.5 spoons of chopped fruits in a cup of boiled water, 1-2 times daily). Also, it is administered as astringent in the form of tincture (2-4mL, three times a day) and as laxative and diuretic in the form of herbal tea (a quantity of the dried seeds in boiled water, 3 times a day).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Consumption may cause irritation of the oral cavity and severe digestive disorders.|
|References||1)Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδα 65 2)Silvia Galasso, Marialuisa Gallicchio, Vincenzo Guida, Valeria Severino, Pietro Monaco, Augusto Parente. Raviscanina wild asparagus (Asparagus acutifolius L.): A nutritionally valuable crop with 3)https://bolko.wordpress.com/2010/08/11/%CE%B1%CE%B3%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%BF%CF%84%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BD%CF%84%CE%B1%CF%86%CF%85%CE%BB%CE%BB%CE%B9%CE%AC/ 4)http://health-from-nature.net/Dog_Rose.html 5)http://www.permaculture.co.uk/articles/medicinal-benefits-rose-hips 6)http://www.botanical-online.com/medicinalsrosacaninaangles.htm|