|Botanical Nomenclature||Ficus carica|
|Common Name||Common Fig|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Ficus carica is a deciduous tree growing up to 6m, with green, leathery, shiny leaves. The fruits are round, with a blunt top in the side of the stem and flat-shaped in base. Their color is initially green, while when they ripen are violet, white, brown or green. The flowering, the fruiting and the harvesting take place from June to September|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Stem, fruits, leaves|
|Active Substances||Fiber, nitrates, carbohydrates, cellulose, metals (copper, manganese, magnesium, potassium, calcium), vitamin K, gallic acid, chlorogenic acid, syringic acid, catechin, epicatechin, rutin|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The herbal tea of the plant is used as emollient, laxative, expectorant and analgesic. Also, it is administered for the treatment of pharyngitis, common cold, gingivitis (gargling), runny nose, pneumonia and cystitis. It is applied externally to the skin in the form of poultice against various skin problems especially leprosy, as well to disappear the wrinkles and the stretches from the skin. The milk produced by the fruits of the plant is used against toothache and joint pain. Finally, the poultice made from the leaves is used against asthma and bleeding.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as laxative and astringent in the form of herbal tea (a quantity of dried leaves in a cup of boiling water, every evening before meals). It is applied externally to the skin in the form of powder from the dried leaves against bleeding, as well in the form of ointment and cream (anti-wrinkle action).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||The milk of the fruit may irritate the skin.|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, Β' τόμος, σελίδες: 507-509 2)http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3326910/?report=printable 3)Anxiolytic and antidepressant-like effects of Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) extract in rats: Influence of administration and gender 4)http://health-from-nature.net/Common_Fig.html 5)http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2013/974256/ 6)http://www.e-geoponoi.gr/2010-05-10-12-15-13/4649--ficus-carica-.html|