|Botanical Nomenclature||Chelidonium majus|
|Common Name||Greater Celandine, Nipplewort, Swallowwort, Tetterwort|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Chelidonium majus is a biennial plant growing up to 50cm, with serrated, pinnate, gray leaves and yellow flowers. The flowering lasts from May to July and the harvesting of the aboveground plant parts takes place from April to June, while the harvesting of the root takes place in March|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||The whole plant, root|
|Active Substances||Cheledonine, chelerythrine, sagkivarini, cheledoxanthine, coptisine, protopine (alkaloids), essential oil, cheledonic acid, saponins, calcium citrate, calcium phosphate, malic acid, nitrate and potassium hypochlorite, album|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The herbal tea is administered as diuretic, laxative, analgesic, antispasmodic and cholagogue, mostly against cholecystitis and jaundice. It is used in the form of ticture for the treatment of gastroenteritis, pneumonia, pleurisy, rheumatism and dysmenorrhea. In folk medicine is recommended against skin diseases (warts, mole etc.), proliferative skin diseases, ringworm, as well for the treatment of various eye diseases (such as cataract, retinal detachment, corneal spots, reduced vision).|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as laxative, diuretic and cholagogue in the form of herbal tea (0,5-1g of dried herb in a cup of boiled water), tincture (5 drops to a glass of water, twice a day) and infusion against arthritic diseases and rheumatism. In folk medicine it is recommended in the form of ointment or in the form of juice from the leaves and the stem, which are applied to the skin.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Attention required during the harvesting as the contact with the plant may cause skin toxicity. The symptoms of poisoning are drowsiness, skin irritation, cough, dyspnea and destruction of pituitary gland|