|Botanical Nomenclature||Buxus sempervirens|
|Common Name||Boxwood, Common Box, European Box|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Buxus semprervirens is an evergreen shrub growing from 1 to 6m, with small, oval, shiny leaves and yellow flowers in inflorescence. The flowering lasts from March to April and the harvesting takes place from June to July|
|Region Found||Ioannina (Pindos, Smolikas, Metsovo)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Leaves|
|Active Substances||Buxine, parabuxine, parabuxonidine (alkaloids), essential oil, tannins. The bark contains chlorophyll, resins, gums, lignin, sulfates, carbonates and phosphates|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||In folk medicine the whole plant is used as diaphoretic, diuretic, antirheumatic, antimalarial, purgative and emetic. In homeopathy is recommended in the form of ointment for the treatment of rheumatism, fever and diarrhea.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered as laxative and diaphoretic in the form of herbal tea (a spoon of dried herb in a cup of boiled water, 2-3 times a day) and in the form of infusion (a spoon of dried leaves and bark in a cup of boiling water ) against arthritic pain. In homeopathy is recommended in the form of alcoholic tincture.
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||The whole plant is poisonous, especially the leaves. Animal's death may be caused after plant's consumption. The symptoms of poisoning are abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, cramps, nausea and coma. Human death may be occured, as the respiratory system paralyses.|
|References||1) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, Β' τόμος, σελίδες: 455-456 2) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 21 3)Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activities of Essential Oils Isolated from Thymbra capitata L. (Cav.) and Origanum vulgare L. LEONOR FALEIRO et al, J. Agric. Food Chem. 2005, 53, 8162?8168 4)http://www.herbal-supplement-resource.com/boxwood.html 5)http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/jf0510079 6)http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/b/buxus-sempervirens=box.php|