|Botanical Nomenclature||Narcissus poeticus|
|Common Name||Findern Flower, Nargis, Pheasant's Eye, Pinkster Lily, Poet's Daffodil, Poet's Narcissus|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Narcissus poeticus is a biennial plant growing up to 30cm, with linear leaves. The large, fragrant flowers have white petals and yellow, cup-shaped perianth with red edges. The flowering and the harvesting take place from May to June.|
|Region Found||Ioannina (Pindos, Zagori, Metsovo, Vikos-Aoos, Gramos, Smolikas), Arta (Tzoumerka)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Bulb, leaves|
|Active Substances||Lycorine, lycoremine (alkaloids), essential oil, resins, pectin, sugars|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The bulb and the leaves are rarely used as mydriatic due to the contained alkaloids, which have atropine-like action. In folk medicine the herbal tea is administered as emetic, laxative antispasmodic and for the treatment of epilepsy, whooping cough, fever, diarrhea, dysentery, intestinal helminths and rheumatism|
|Method of Administration||In folk medicine the plant is administered as emetic in the form of herbal tea (from dried flowers, bulb and seeds in a cup of boiled water, 2-3 times a day) and tincture (a quantity of dried plant in ethyl alcohol 98o, up to 10 drops daily).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Nowdays, Narcissus poeticus is not used in allopathic medicine, because of its toxicity. Attention required as the plant grows often in the region of Epirus. Gastric lavage or emesis are the treatment of poisoning. Then the patient takes symptomatic treatment.|
|References||1)http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2856661/ 2)http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/n/narcis01.html 3) http://www.henriettes-herb.com/eclectic/kings/narcissus.html 4) http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Narcissus+poeticus 5)http://www.naturalmedicinalherbs.net/herbs/n/narcissus-poeticus=poet's-narcissus.php|