|Botanical Nomenclature||Viola odorata|
|Common Name||English Violet, Florist's Violet, Garden Violet, Sweet Violet|
|Distinguishing Features of the Plant||Viola odorata is an evergreen perennial plant, growing by 5 to 15cm. The leaves are green and heart-shaped, the flowers are generally purple, giving their name to the colour that is called after them, but red or white variations are also frequent. It blossoms from February to April and the seeds ripening lasts from April to June. The leaves, flowers and root are harvested between March and April.|
|Region Found||Epirus (Metsovo, Central Zagori, Vikos-Aoos)|
|Part of the Plant with Active Substances||Seeds, flowers, root|
|Active Substances||Alkaloids (Violine, odoratine), saponins, glucoside (Viola-quercitin)|
|Pharmacological Effects - Therapeutic Applications||The whole plant has anti-inflammatory, diuretic and anti-cancer properties. As a herbal tea is taken for the treatment of bronchitis, dry cough, asthma, respiratory and urinary infections. Externally, it is used to treat mouth and throat infections.|
|Method of Administration||The plant is administered in the form of herbal tea (twice a day) and syrup of the petals (30-50g of dried petals).
Warning: The use of herb preparations is not recommended without seeking advice from your physician or pharmacist. The substances they contain may interact with the subscribed drugs that the patient already takes, thus eliminating their therapeutic efficacy or inducing toxicity. They may also burden further weakened vital functions of the body thus exposing the patient to increased morbidity and life threatened conditions.
|Toxicity- Adverse Effects||Even in small doses, it causes vomiting and nausea due to saponins.|
|References||1) https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/v/vioswe12.html 2)http://health-from-nature.net/Common_Violet.html 3)http://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Viola+odorata 4)http://abchomeopathy.com/r.php/Viol-o 5)http://www.herb.gr/index.php/catalog/product/view/id/714/s/menexes/category/24/ 6) Bιβλίο: Τα φαρμακευτικά βότανα και οι θεραπευτικές τους ιδιότητες, Λάμπρου Π. Σπύρου, Αγροτικός εκδοτικός οίκος, Αθήνα 1981, Ά τόμος, σελίδες: 156-157 7) Βιβλίο: Οδηγός των φαρμακευτικών φυτών, Paul Schauenberg, Ferdinand Paris, Εκδότης Μ. Γκιούρδας, Αθήνα 1981, σελίδες 267-268|